I absolutely love the announcements made today by the Prime Minister around education. There are a lot of things that I have to fund as a taxpayer that I resent. But paying top teachers and top principals more is not one of them. The international research is crystal clear that the biggest single factor in a child’s educational sucess is the quality of their teacher. Rewarding top principals and teachers with new roles that can pay between $10,000 and $50,000 more in an excellent investment.
The details announced by the PM are:
So today I am announcing four new roles for principals and teachers in New Zealand schools, and investing an extra $359 million into teaching and school leadership over the next four years.
These are changes that will benefit kids across New Zealand, because high-quality teaching leads to better achievement at school.
The first new role is an Executive Principal.
Executive Principals will be the top principals from across the country.
They will provide leadership across communities of schools, supporting other principals to raise student achievement.
We envisage there will be around 250 Executive Principals, or about one for every 10 schools, on average.
An Executive Principal will remain in charge of their own school but be released for two days a week to work across a grouping of schools, which will include primary and secondary schools.
Executive Principals will have a proven track record in raising achievement and they will pass on their knowledge and expertise to other principals.
They will be appointed by an external panel, for up to four years. Executive Principals will be paid an annual allowance of $40,000 on top of their existing salary, and they will be judged on their results.
So that’s the first new role.
The second is a similar sort of position, again working across a group of schools, but at the teacher level.
These teachers we are calling Expert Teachers, and we intend to establish around 1,000 of these new positions.
Expert Teachers will have a proven track record in raising the performance of their students, particularly in maths, science, technology and literacy.
Expert Teachers will be based in their usual school, but will be released for two days a week to work across their school grouping, under the guidance of their Executive Principal.
They will get alongside other teachers, working with them to develop and improve classroom practice and raise student achievement.
Executive Principals will oversee the appointment of Expert Teachers and the appointment will be for up to four years. They will be paid an annual allowance of $20,000 on top of their usual salary.
Executive Principals and Expert Teachers will drive a whole new level of collaboration between schools and between teachers, with best practice becoming widespread across school communities.
The third new role we are going to introduce is for the top teachers in schools.
We want the best teachers to be recognised for improving student achievement and to act, in a formal sense, as role models for other teachers.
So we are going to introduce a new role – a Lead Teacher. There will be around 5,000 Lead Teacher positions across the country.
Lead Teachers will be high-performing teachers who can demonstrate the best classroom practice.
Their classrooms will be open to other teachers almost all the time, so teachers can observe and discuss classroom practice with a model professional.
Lead Teachers will be paid an annual allowance of $10,000 on top of their existing salary. That allowance is in recognition of their status and their new responsibility in helping other teachers to raise achievement.
These new roles of Expert Teachers and Lead Teachers means more good teachers will stay in a teaching role, because they can see a career path that keeps them in the classroom where they are so effective. And that has huge benefits for the children they teach.
We are going to give extra funding to schools so teachers can take time out of their normal classroom to work with Expert Teachers and Lead Teachers.
And we are also going to establish a $10 million fund for schools and teachers to develop and research effective teaching practice in areas such as writing, maths, science and digital literacy.
The final change I want to announce today is that we are also going to better match up schools that are really struggling, with really excellent principals.
To do this we are going to establish a new role of Change Principal.
Change Principals will be top principals who are paid an additional allowance of $50,000 a year to go to a struggling school and turn it around.
Around 20 Change Principals will be appointed each year, for up to five years.
At the moment, the incentive is for principals to go to larger schools, where the salary is higher, rather than to schools that are the most challenging.
We are going to change that.
So those are the four new roles we are creating – Executive Principals, Change Principals, Expert Teachers and Lead Teachers.
So that is $10,000 more for 5,000 Lead Teachers, $20,000 more for 1,000 Expert Teachers, $40,000 more for 250 Executive Principals and $50,000 more for 20 Change Principals – and most of them having a focus on not just helping their school, but helping their neighbouring schools also.
What is great is good teachers can earn more just by being good at their job, without having to move from the classroom into administration.
I’ve been waiting almost decades for a Government to do something like this, and reward top teachers with more pay. It should both lead to better recruitment and retention, but also should lead to teaching being seen as just as professional and important a vocation to go into, as medicine and law. The NZ Initiative reports on education nightlight how important it is to have teaching seen as an esteemed profession.
Some of the international research around the importance of teacher quality is:
The 2009 report by the international McKinsey agency, shows that over three years, learning with a high performing teacher rather than a low performing teacher can make a 53-percentage point difference for two students who start at the same achievement level.
McKinsey Education (2009). Shaping the Future: How Good Education Systems Can Become Great in the Decade Ahead (2009). Report on the International Education Roundtable, July 2009, Singapore. http://www.mckinsey.com/locations/southeastasia/knowledge/Education_Roundtable.pdf
There is also a quote from Andreas Schleicher, Deputy Director for Education and Skills for the OECD, January 2014 about the proposed changes.
“Top school systems pay attention to how they select and train their staff, they watch how they improve the performance of teachers who are struggling and how to structure teachers’ pay and career. They provide intelligent pathways for teachers to grow in their careers with an environment in which teachers work together to frame good practice.
“The reforms now being introduced (in New Zealand), with real career paths, support and evaluation, and recognition including monetary rewards, hold the promise for New Zealand to join that group of countries.”
I hope all stakeholders in the education sector will welcome this investment. They’d be mad not to.