A year may have passed but the message is still the same.
The second annual National Day of Action to Bust Rape Culture was held in Auckland and Wellington today.
Organsier Jessie Hume and 200 other supporters turned out to the High Court in Auckland this afternoon to demand resolutions to an “endemic and devastating” rape culture.
Hume said half of the supporters formed a circle with one donning red to represent the one in 100 women who receive justice in the form of accountability through the courts when making a rape complaint.
It’s thought just ten per cent of sexual assaults are reported and only one per cent of those will lead to a conviction, according to the Ministry of Justice.
I have great sympathy for the cause, but less sympathy for dodgy statistics.
The statistic on only 10% of sexual assaults are reported could well be true, sadly. It comes from a 2001 report and anecdotal evidence from female (and some male) friends is that many have been assaulted and not reported it.
But the 1% figure is clearly wrong. Fairfax have written it in a way that states only 1% of those reported will lead to a conviction.
I blogged in 2009 on an excellent report by the Ministry of Women’s Affairs which reviewed 2,000 sexual violation complaints over a 30 month period.
They found 13% of complaints lead to a conviction, and of complaints deemed “valid”, 20% led to a conviction.
Not don’t get me wrong both figures are too low, and the story is right that we should have a higher conviction rate for valid complaints. But they are massively higher than 1%.
The research on what happens to complaints is interesting. The data is:
8% deemed “false” by Police
- 26% deemed “no offence” which usually means the victim withdrew the complaint. This doesn’t mean there was no offence, just that the complainant didn’t want to proceed.
- 11% did not have a suspect identified
- 24% did have a suspect identified but were not prosecuted. It was stated this is normally due to victim withdrawal, insufficient evidence or conflicting evidence
- 18% did lead to a prosecution but the person was found not guilty or the case dropped
- 13% were prosecuted and a person convicted
Of the 31% that went to trial, 16% had a guilty plea, 30% had the case withdrawn or discharged and 52% went to trial. The conviction rate for those that went to trial was 49% guilty and 51% acquitted.
The biggest factor is victim withdrawal – either initially, or before charges are laid or even charges are laid. This is not surprising as going forward can be extremely traumatizing. This is where I think the focus should be – on having a less traumatic judicial process for victims. But I don’t support changing the burden of proof as proposed by Andrew Little.